Dandruff is a chronic condition that occurs when hair becomes dry or greasy and appears as white flakes on the hair and shoulders. Even if it is harmful, dandruff problem can be embarrassing for some people. Dandruff generally starts at the age of 10 and 20 and affects 40% of the people over 30 years of age.
The cells on the scalp are constantly renewed, so the dumping of dead skin cells is a normal process. However, skin cells with dandruff are shed faster than normal. The oil in the hair causes the skin cells to be accumulated and appear as white flakes.
Dandruff can be caused by several reasons such as dry skin, sensitivity to hair products, skin problems such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis or eczema.
Overgrowth of yeast on the skin can also cause dandruff. This overgrowth can be caused by stress, hormones, excess oil in the hair, or problems with the immune system.
Symptoms of dandruff include dead skin that appears as white flakes on hair and shoulder, and itchy, reddish and scaly scalp. Dandruff spreads over the scalp in general.
If the cause of dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis, the symptoms are usually gradual. The scalp becomes dry or greasy and itchy. Skin cells turn into yellowish scales when they die. A bad case of seborrheic dermatitis can cause symptoms in other parts of the body. Yellowish and reddish flakes can be seen on the hairline, in and around the ears, nose and head.
Scaling due to psoriasis is seen in the form of silver-colored flakes in the ear, extremities, trunk, palms and soles.
Dandruff is a simple condition that a person can identify himself/herself with symptoms such as itchiness, dryness and crusting. Seborrheic dermatitis manifests with redness, yellowish dandruff and mild itching. Psoriasis is usually silvery, flaky, and in contrast to Seborrhoeic dermatitis, it is well-defined plaques.
A doctor or dermatologist usually distinguishes sebaceous or psoriasis from the appearance of the skin.
Dandruff is usually a chronic condition, but can be controlled by appropriate treatment. First shampoo your hair with a chemical-free shampoo, apply a firm massage to the scalp and then rinse your hair. Frequent shampooing removes dandruff, reduces oily skin and prevents dead skin cells from forming. If this method is not beneficial, special anti-dandruff shampoos usually work. Instructions for use vary according to the shampoo used. Some are used daily, others only once or twice a week.
When choosing a non-prescription shampoo, make sure it includes anti-dandruff ingredients such as ketoconazole, selenium sulphide, salicylic acid, sulfur, coal tar or zinc pyrite. You may need to test a few products before you find what is right for you. Ketoconazole-containing shampoos seem to be more effective when compared to other non-prescription medicated shampoos in seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff treatment. While salicylic acid preparations are mainly used for dandruff originating from psoriasis, products containing sulfur and coal tar are used for dandruff-related dandruff.
If you do not see any benefit after 2 weeks of using over-the-counter products, or if the situation worsens, you might consider seeing a doctor. The doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid lotion to be applied to the scalp. Do not use corticosteroid-containing products for long periods without doctor’s advice. These products may scratch the skin structure and cause other side effects.
The use of corticosteroid shampoos and lotions for babies is not appropriate as babies are easier to absorb than skin adults. Seborrhoeic dermatitis in infants usually disappears spontaneously a year after birth, without any treatment.
Shampoo your hair frequently to control the head, reduce your stress level, try to reduce the use of hair problems (jellies and sprays) and get a healthy eating habit.
It is said that minoxidil, which is used for the treatment of hair loss, causes dandruff-like scaling as a side effect. The alcohol in minoxidil can dry your scalp and after a few months, it can form dandruff on the hair.
In most cases you can solve this problem by replacing the drug you are using with another drug or using a dandruff shampoo or using a prescription steroid cream if the condition is bad.Finasteride, another drug used in hair loss, does not lead to dandruff.
We can characterize it as a cosmetic discomfort. It is not a serious and contagious disease and does not cause other health problems. However, if it is not treated, itching and inflammation
may occur and hair loss may occur. Another good aspect of washing your hair with dandruff shampoo is to remove dandruff from your hair and get your fallen-out hair back.